Medical & Scientific News

Sarawak Hospitals first in Malaysia to use NDF-Bio 75 for effective infection control.
The hospitals in Sarawak, Malaysia will be using NDF-Bio75™ for effective control of bacteria, viruses, mould, mildew and fungi. This follows the approval by the Malaysian Ministry of Health for the NDF-Bio75™ to be use at medical facilities in the country and the successful testing of the product conducted in December 2013 at the Sarawak General hospital in Kuching, the capital of the state of Sarawak. The test carried out by the team from Nano-D-fenz Limited & their local agent , Montis Sdn. Bhd. used a 3 stage approach to sanitising, cleaning & protecting the surfaces in a room deemed to have unacceptable levels of micro-organism and fungal problems. The results achieved a zero level of micro-organism, mould & fungi for up to 21 days after the test by the hospital’s Microbiology Laboratory using swab test. The Sarawak state will be working with Montis Sdn. Bhd. to implement the use the product throughout the state.
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease  
Causative agent
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common disease in children caused by enteroviruses such as coxsackieviruses and enterovirus 71 (EV71). The EV71 infection is of particular concern as it more likely associates with severe outcomes (like viral meningitis, encephalitis, poliomyelitis-like paralysis) and even death. The usual peak season for HFMD is from early summer to autumn, with a smaller peak in winter.
Clinical features
The disease is mostly self-limiting and resolves in 1 week. It usually begins with fever, poor appetite, tiredness and sore throat. One to two days later, painful ulcers will develop inside the mouth, and non-itchy skin rash with vesicles will appear mainly on the hands and feet. The disease is most contagious during the first week of the illness and the viruses can be found in stool for weeks.
Infection will result in immunity to (protection against) the specific virus that has caused HFMD. However, a second attack of HFMD may occur following infection with a different member of the enterovirus group.
Mode of transmission
The disease mainly spreads by contact with nose and throat discharges, saliva, fluid from vesicles or patients’ stool, or after touching contaminated objects.
Incubation period
About 3-7 days.